Equality: All individuals have the same status regarding their claim as human beings to natural rights and treatment under the law. Federalism: The people delegate certain powers to the national government, while the states retain other powers; and the people, who authorize both the states and national government, retain all freedoms not delegated to the governing bodies. Freedom of contract: Freedom of individuals and corporations to make legally binding mutual agreements without arbitrary or unreasonable legal restrictions.
Liberty: Except where authorized by citizens through the Constitution, government does not have the authority to limit freedom. Limited Government: Citizens are best able to pursue happiness when government is confined to those powers which protect their life, liberty, and property. Examples are life, liberty, property, and the pursuit of happiness. Private Property: The natural rights of all individuals to create, obtain, and control their possessions, beliefs, faculties, and opinions, as well as the fruits of their labor.
Rule of Law: Government and citizens all abide by the same laws regardless of political power. Those laws are justly applied, consistent with an ethos of liberty, and stable. Separation of Powers: A system of distinct powers built into the Constitution, to prevent an accumulation of power in one branch.
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Virtue is conduct that reflects universal principles of moral and ethical excellence essential to living a worthwhile life and to effective self-government. For many thinkers throughout the ages, attributes of character such as justice, responsibility, perseverance, respect, and others were thought to flow from an understanding of the rights and obligations of human beings. Virtue is compatible with, but does not require, religious belief. According to Aristotle, virtue must be based on a just objective, it requires action, and it must become a habit. Private Virtue: The idea that, in order to sustain liberty, individuals must be knowledgeable and must conduct themselves according to principles of moral and ethical excellence, consistent with their rights and obligations.
Civic Virtue: A set of actions and habits necessary for the safe, effective, and mutually beneficial participation in a society. Courage: The ability to take constructive action in the face of fear or danger. To stand firm as a person of character and do what is right, especially when it is unpopular or puts one at risk. Honor: Demonstrating good character, integrity, and thinking and acting honestly.
To give praise to those who earn it. Initiative: Exercising the power, energy, or ability to lead, organize, or accomplish something. Some of the cost problems associated with intelligence come from one agency, or even a group within an agency, not accepting the compartmented security practices for individual projects, requiring expensive duplication. Throughout its history, the CIA has been the subject of many controversies, both at home and abroad. Fictional depictions of the CIA exist in many books, films and video games.
Some fiction draws, at least in parts, on actual historical events, while other works are entirely fictional.
Founding Principles and Virtues - Bill of Rights Institute
Films include Charlie Wilson's War , based on the story of U. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see CIA disambiguation. National intelligence agency of the United States. Office of Strategic Services . Main article: Organizational structure of the Central Intelligence Agency.
Main article: Directorate of Support. Main article: United States intelligence budget. This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. May This section should include only a brief summary of History of the Central Intelligence Agency. See Wikipedia:Summary style for information on how to properly incorporate it into this article's main text. September Main article: History of the Central Intelligence Agency. Main article: CIA activities in Syria. Main article: CIA activities in Indonesia.
See also: Indonesian mass killings of — Main article: U-2 incident. Main article: Bay of Pigs invasion. See also: Assassination attempts on Fidel Castro. Main article: CIA activities in Chad.
Whistleblower alleges White House coverup
Main article: CIA activities in Pakistan. See also: Poland—United States relations. Main article: Gulf War. See also: Aldrich Ames. Main article: CIA activities in Iraq. Further information: Plame affair. See also: Death of Osama bin Laden. Play media. See also: Intelligence Outsourcing.
- Alaskan Odyssey: The Shepherds Staff.
- Easy Dutch - Pictorial Dictionary.
- The Goose and the Golden Egg!
- Prepare To Be Favoured;
- The Intelligence Community, 1950–1955.
- Advanced Bowie Techniques: The Finer Points of Fighting with a Large Knife;
- Dinosaur Train;
Main article: List of CIA controversies. Main article: CIA in fiction. United States portal Politics portal. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved March 28, Retrieved September 18, The Washington Post. Retrieved August 29, Cato Institute. Retrieved April 15, November 29, Retrieved July 4, — via Federation of American Scientists.
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ffenbackleade.ga Retrieved April 18, The Guardian. Chapter 13 — The Cost of Intelligence". June 5, Retrieved January 6, NBC News. November 14, Retrieved January 7, February 3, Butterfield Bank. October 6, June 16, Archived from the original on March 14, Retrieved April 11, Archived from the original on April 30, Retrieved July 1, Atglen, Pennsylvania: Schiffer Publishing Ltd. January 27, March 8, Today's Campus.
- The Office of Strategic Services (OSS);
- Desire (Eternal Gadd - The Collected Works Book 1).
- Obama Will Win, but Romney Will Be President: How Political Parties Target Electoral College Votes to Win Presidential Elections?
- Supplementary Information!
- Shooting Scars: The Artists Trilogy 2: (The Artists Trilogy 2).
- Gita For Daily Enrichment;
Morning Edition. February 12, Archived from the original on April 29, January 23, Retrieved April 3, Spy School? What Base? The New York Times. Archived from the original on June 5, Retrieved March 18, October 31, Retrieved March 27, Washington, D. October 15, May 5, Case No. March 20, Retrieved April 29, August 1, Retrieved August 2, Spiegel Online in German. February 8, Irish Daily Star. March 26, Archived from the original on August 20, Retrieved June 7, Retrieved June 25, December 10, December Congress and the Nation — A review of government and politics in the postwar years.